Above:   Rising of Lazarus (1490) by Geertgen tot Sint Jans (c.1465–c.1495)

Right:   Christ at the house of Mary and Martha (1680) by Alessandro Allori (1535-1607) Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Resurrection of Lazarus

The Gospel of John tells how Lazarus, the brother of Mary and Martha, was suffering a serious illness. The sisters called for Jesus, but when he arrived, Lazarus had already been dead for four days. However, Jesus awoke Lazarus and he stepped out of his tomb, still wrapped in burial cloth.

The resurrection of Lazarus is the greatest miracle that Jesus performs in the New Testament.   The pivotal point from a theological perspective is expressed in Jesus' words to Martha:

I am the resurrection and the life. Those who believe in me, even though they die, will live.

John 11:25

The sisters of Lazarus, Mary and Martha, lived in Bethany on the edge of the Mount of Olives in front of the gates of Jerusalem.   In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus visited them.   Mary listened to Jesus, while Martha acted as hostess. When Martha complained to Jesus that Mary was not helping her, Jesus defended her, as she had chosen "the better part."

In the Gospel of John, Mary anointed Jesus' feet with nard oil.   This is often seen as Jesus' symbolic anointment as the king of the Jews before his entrance into Jerusalem

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